Wales Environmental problems and solutions



Wales has struggled with environmental issues for many years. A major turning point came in 1966 when a mining disaster left 144 people dead, including 116 schoolchildren. An avalanche of coal from a landfill slid down a mountain and destroyed a school and much of a village. Years after the cleanup, Wales still suffers from its environmental problems.

Erratic weather conditions have increased flooding problems and caused billions in damage, natural climate changes have caused problems, and continued air pollution has caused serious health problems for residents. The government is now working to make lasting changes to tackle these issues and bring Wales back from the environmental disasters that continue to plague the country.

Read on to learn more about the current issues across Wales and how government and agencies are working to provide solutions to create a healthy and natural environment for residents and visitors.


Pollution is something that affects every country in the world. You can easily find a dissertation on air pollution who will define the problem and provide statistical data. Wales is known to have one of the worst air pollution problems in the whole of the UK, and pollution in Wales poses a significant environmental risk to public health.

It is estimated that the impacts of air pollution cause 1,400 premature deaths each year in Wales. There are short and long term problems caused by polluted air and reports from the World Health Organization show that it can worsen asthma, decrease lung function, increase cardiovascular problems and have an impact. high on death rates.

Legal compliance is measured regularly to check air quality in four different areas. Three of them have illegally high levels of NO2, with South Wales being the second worst area in the whole of the UK in 2020. Particles are also measured in air samples, and on the based on a 2019 global air quality report, there were 40%. Welsh pitches with levels well above the PM2.5 limit. The main source of pollution is the combustion of solid fuels and vehicle exhaust fumes.

The Welsh government is working to tackle this problem and adopt strict guidelines for PM2.5 levels. Over 60% of the roads in Wales measure this recommended level. Ministers are also working to establish low emission zones. Wales and its environment struggle with this problem of poor air quality on a daily basis, and these pollutants also end up in water systems.

2020 offered a clean air plan that provides initiatives and management goals. These include promoting the use of electric vehicles, investing in better travel infrastructure, and developing an air pollution monitoring network that will focus on vulnerable members of communities while helping to improve air pollution. environment and use natural resources.


Flooding has been a major problem in Wales for many years. Despite some measures that have been taken as well as new regulations adopted, the various losses due to flooding are still quite high. Over the past 10 years, more than 120,000 houses have been built in known flood zones. A committee was created under the 2016 environmental law called Floods and Coastal Erosion Committee. He advises Welsh ministers on sustainable management and risk management issues across Wales, offering awareness programs and preparedness information.

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Every year floods cause billions of damage in Wales. During the rainy seasons, rivers overflow and cannot be contained, resulting in property damage. Wales has many waterways and coastal regions, which makes it prone to flooding, especially during severe storms. When damage does occur, homeowners can be forced to leave for months or even years and will be at high risk when it comes to reinsuring their property.

To combat this problem, floods are treated by adding sustainable drainage systems. It is important for people to understand the ways in which flooding can be prevented or the damage avoided, so that government programs educate developers about the risks of developing on floodplains and the environmental risks of doing so.

Flooding remains a constant problem every year. Changes in weather lead to more violent storms that cause flash floods and wipe out entire streets. Since 2016, over 390 million euros have been invested in flood risk management, which has successfully reduced the risk at over 45,000 properties. With a new national strategy in place, subsidy rates will be increased to build coastal defenses, and a new flood management program is in place.

Climate change

Climate change has been a huge problem in Wales and it is caused by harmful emissions. The government is taking action to reduce emissions while improving the economy with better jobs. 2015 research by the Energy saving trust has shown that homes emit the most emissions. One proposed solution is to create energy efficiency programs for residential homes. The aim is to bring every household in Wales into a C band, which would cut emissions, create jobs and tackle fuel poverty.

By becoming a sustainable nation, it would be low carbon and efficient with all resources. In addition to making homes efficient, it is also very important to find ways to reduce the amount of energy used. The fight against climate change will be an ongoing process; however, the government has already taken big steps. There is a climate emergency in Wales, and here are some actions underway:

  • Reduce carbon emissions by raising reduction targets to 50%
  • Invest in public transport and other forms of transport to reduce car use
  • Single-use plastics ban
  • No more charging stations for electric vehicles
  • Establish renewable industries as a new sector of marine energy
  • Increase the use of natural resources


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